|Word(s)||Part(s) of Speech||English|
|Mallachd (f)||Noun||Malediction*, curse|
|Mar**||Preposition||In the manner of|
*One of the few Latinate words which I adore.
**Yay! We can finally broach the discussion of cases. Nouns without articles will be in the dative, and lenited. Cases will be discussed in depth later; however, Gaelic has 4 cases:
- Nominative: the subject of a sentence, or the complement of the copula (‘to be’) in English; however, in Gaelic the nominative is also used as the object. He is Erik. This is a book.
- Vocative: used to adress someone directly. Erik, shut the door!
- Genitive: The possessive in general. Used much more often in Gaelic than English. The book of Erik is blue/Erik’s book is blue.
- Dative (some will call this Prepositional): The object of sentences in English (and indirect objects); however, in Gaelic this only used for the objects of prepositions; hence, the ‘prepositional’ case. Give it to Erik.
Putting them all together. A sentence (in English) with all of them in corresponding colours.
Erik, you put the dog’s food in the wrong place, so I gave it to my sister by accident.